Smoking has many effects on the mouth that can lead to weakening of the gums and the development of periodontal disease. Smokers are 64.2% more likely to develop gum disease than non-smokers. The problem develops when bacteria in the mouth accumulate in the gum or soft tissue surrounding the teeth. The gums become inflamed and periodontal disease soon develops. Smokers produce more bacterial plaque in the mouth, in part because the nicotine in cigarettes causes a reduction in the amount of oxygen that reaches the soft tissue of the mouth. At the same time, nicotine also constricts blood vessels, which can affect the time it takes to diagnose gum disease.
When smokers develop a gum infection, they are less likely to bleed which usually causes the dentist to access their presence. For this reason, the diagnosis of gum disease by smokers may be delayed, and the disease may worsen in the meantime. Tobacco causes problems with gums ranging from cosmetics to frankly painful. Using tobacco in any form, including cigarettes and chewing tobacco, can increase the buildup of tartar in the mouth and decrease the flow of saliva, which removes harmful bacteria. When you smoke you may notice problems with your gums.